compiled by Andrea Moser


School Organisation Act: school-age children of foreign nationals entitled to attend school.


First remedial German courses for the children of “guest workers” at Austrian schools.


School Education Act: pupils whose command of German is insufficient for them to follow in class entitled to attend school as “irregular pupils” for a maximum of two years. First session of the Mixed Yugoslav-Austrian Expert Commission on Education. Objective: mother-tongue support for easier reintegration in the home country.


First session of the Mixed Turkish-Austrian Expert Commission on Education. Objective: mother-tongue support for easier reintegration in the home country. Introduction of additional mother-tongue teaching in Turkish and later in Serbo-Croatian on an experimental basis at Tyrolean schools.


First German course for “guest workers” at a Tyrolean adult education centre (Volkshochschule).


Decree issued by the Ministry of Education: teacher-training colleges instructed to develop in-service courses and qualifications for teaching children whose mother tongue is not German. Introduction of lateral entry classes (aka German for children of guest workers) at Tyrolean schools.


The principle of intercultural learning adopted in the Austrian curricula. End of bilateral cooperation in the field of education in recognition of the fallacy of the idea of “guest workers” as people who return to their home countries. Establishment of the Counselling Centre for Foreigners (now Counselling Centre for Migrants) at the Tyrolean Department of Education.


Standard curricula amended to include remedial German courses for irregular pupils, German as a second language for regular pupils, mother-tongue courses and the support teacher system.


Remedial teaching introduced in the Caritas Integrationshaus in Innsbruck. “Frauen aus allen Ländern” (Women from all Countries): an assocation established as an educational and counselling facility for women with a refugee or migration background. Integration Office established at the Tyrolean Regional Authority; financial support for migrants attending German classes introduced in 2004.


Courses in German as a second/foreign language established at PÄDAK Tirol (teacher training college). Remedial classes introduced by the Tyrolean Department of Education for children whose first language is not German.